Крымология:En/Yevpatoria

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For the Hellenistic city in the Pontus, see Eupatoria (Pontus).

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Yevpatoria
Євпаторія
Евпатория
Kezlev
—  '  —
Yevpatoria
The Cami Mosque designed in 1522 by Mimar Sinan

Flag

Coat of arms

Location of Yevpatoria within Crimea, Ukraine

Coordinates:
Country Украина Украина
Territory Crimea
Region Yevpatoria municipality
Area
 - Total  dunams (65 km2 / Ошибка выражения: неожидаемый оператор * sq mi)
Elevation
Population
 - Total 103 244
 - Density
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 97400 — 97490
Area code(s) +380-6569
Former name Kezlev (Gezlev) (till 1784)

Yevpatoria or Eupatoria (укр. Євпаторія, русск. Евпатория, крымскотат. Kezlev, греч. Ευπατορία, Κερκινίτις - Eupatoria, Kerkinitis, тур. Gözleve, арм. Եվպատորիա - Yevpatoria) is a city in Crimea, Ukraine.

History

Odun-Bazar-Kapusu - reconstructed tower of the medieval Kezlev

The first recorded settlement in the area, called Kerkinitis (Κερκινίτης), was built by Greek colonists around 500 BC. Along with the rest of Crimea, Kerkinitis was part of the dominions of Mithridates VI, King of Pontus, from whose nickname, Eupator, the city's modern name derives.

Monument to Crimean Tatar poet Omer Gezlevi in Yevpatoria

From roughly the 7th through the 10th centuries AD Yevpatoria was a Khazar settlement; its name in Khazar language was probably Güzliev (literally "beautiful house")[источник?]. It was later subject to the Cumans (Kipchaks), the Mongols and the Crimean Khanate. During this period the city was called Kezlev by Crimean Tatars and Gözleve by Ottomans. The Russian medieval name Kozlov is a Russification of the Crimean Tatar name.

For a short period between 1478 and 1485, the city was administrated by the Ottoman Empire. Afterwards it became an important urban center of the Crimean Khanate. In 1783, with the whole Crimea, Kezlev was captured by the Russian Empire. Its name was officially changed to Yevpatoria in 1784. The city was briefly occupied in 1854 by British, French and Turkish troops during the Crimean War, when it was the site of the Battle of Eupatoria. Adam Mickiewicz visited the town in 1825 and wrote one of his Crimean Sonnets here; it was later translated into Russian by Mikhail Lermontov.

The 400 year old Cuma Cami mosque is one of the many designed or built by the Ottoman architect Sinan.

Modern Yevpatoria

Today Yevpatoria is a major Ukrainian Black Sea port, a rail hub, and resort town. The main industries include fishing, food processing, wine making, limestone quarrying, weaving, and the manufacture of building materials, machinery, furniture manufacturing and tourism. The National Space Agency of Ukraine has ground control and tracking facilities here.

Yevpatoria has spas of mineral water, salt and mud lakes. These resorts belong to a vast area with curative facilities where the main health-improving factors are the sunshine and sea, air and sand, brine and mud of the salt lakes, as well as the mineral water of the hot springs. The population of the town is sure to have known about the curative qualities of the local mud that can be found here from time immemorial, which is witnessed by the manuscripts of Pliny the Elder, a Roman scholar (ca 80 BC).

On December 24, 2008 a blast destroyed a five storey building in the town. 27 people were killed. President Viktor Yushchenko declared December 26 to be a day of national mourning.[1][2][3][4][5]

Famous people from Simferopol

References

External links


Шаблон:Pontic colonies



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